Servitium debitum

Customary military service owed by a *vassal to his lord. This usually involved serving in the army for 40 days a year. The king's most important vassals would be required to supply a specified number of knights for duty in service of the king. The greater the lord, the greater the number of knights he would have to supply, that number being set in units of five or ten knights. The last summons for a levy of knights owing the debitum was by Richard II in June 1385. However, the rank and file soldier was still summoned and supplied by the boroughs and shires. [Lat. servitium = service + debitum = of debts] -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • DEBITUM — apud Romanos probabatur vel Expensi latione; (Cum enim creditor pecuniam numeravit ex arca sua, nomen illius cui ea dederat, in tabulis, cum summa debiti. perscribebat: quae tabulae ersi domesticae, in iudicio fidem faciebant pecuniae creditae)… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Feudal levy — The summoning of an army by the king. The *fyrd came together as a result of the king s summons. After the Conquest, servitium debitum answered the king s need for knights; the great lords with their retinues also responded, though they may well… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • De scutagio habendo — Lit. concerning receipt of *scutage . A writ authorising a lord to take scutage money from the knights holding of him by way of recompense for the money he, the lord, had paid the king by *servitium debitum …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Fief de haubert — The 11c French term equivalent to a knight s fee. So named from the *hauberk of *mail each knight was required to have and wear when his services were called upon. Cf. Feudum loricae; Servitium debitum …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Warda castri — Lit. castle guard ; abbr. sometimes as warda. One of the duties owed by a tenant by way of his knight service, another of which, for example, was *equitatio. The knights of an *honour would have shared duties of castle guard; they might well have …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Ingelmarius — was a Norman knight of humble origins who served Roger I, the count of Sicily. In reward for his good service to Roger, Ingelmarius was given the hand of the widow of Roger s nephew Serlo II of Hauteville, the lady Altruda of Boiano. In addition… …   Wikipedia

  • DISTRICTUS — est quidquid loci, in quo distringendi quis potestatem habet: ut Comitatus Comitis; territorium, Civitatis: Manerium, domini feudalis, etc. Dicitur autem distringere dominus in feduo, Magistratus in territorio, cum bona, ceu pignus et vadem,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • MARESCHALLUS Franciae — seu Supremus Castrorum Praefectus, dignitas militaris in Galliaingens, proprie enim hi sunt, quod Magistri Equitum, vel Tribuni et Praefecti militum apud Romanos, apud Graecos olim Chiliarchae. Primitus agminis primi ductores erant, qui hostem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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